Beautiful to behold and potentially fatal. This List was accumulated from the Texas A&M designations. Aggie Horticulture is recognized as a world leading agricultural college.
Laburnum Tree Texas
The Laburnum Tree – Beautiful and Poisonous
While there are no reported deaths from the Laburnum Tree in one hundred years the tree carries that label. It is certainly lovely with Yuccas, Palms and Agave.
This tree reminds me of William Blake’s poem, A Poison Tree.
A Poison Tree
I was angry with my friend: I told my wrath, my wrath did end. I was angry with my foe: I told it not, my wrath did grow.
And I watered it in fears, Night and morning with my tears; And I sunned it with smiles, And with soft deceitful wiles.
And it grew both day and night, Till it bore an apple bright. And my foe beheld it shine. And he knew that it was mine,
And into my garden stole When the night had veiled the pole; In the morning glad I see My foe outstretched beneath the tree.
Artemesia or Wormwood
Artemisia absinthium, wormwood. A light feather gray perennial. Was placed in coffins to address the odor of decay and rot.
The active ingredient in Artemesia is thujone, a neurotoxin. Wormwood is mentioned in Revelations, ‘And the name of the star is called Wormwood: and the third part of the waters became wormwood; and many men died of the waters, because they were made bitter’. The Greek word ‘absinthion’ means ‘undrinkable’.
Elephant ear with wood fern a classic combination.
Salvia Divinorum / Salvinorin
May Night Salvia
Salvinorin is the psychoactive chemical of salvia divinorum found in the leaves of the plant. The kappa opioid receptors in the brain alter mood and consciousness. These are different from opioid receptors. There is no impact upon serotonin receptors.
Agave’s can be dangerous. Use care if you have young children when deciding to plant an Agave. There are over 150 varieties. Read more about the agave here.
Another plant known to be dangerous and poisonous is the Desert Willow. Use care again with this plant if you have young children.
While I was not surprised to find the poisonous Desert Willow in a community area in Cuba I was very surprised to find it in a shopping center in Dallas, Texas.
Poisonous Desert Willow in Dallas Shopping Center on Preston Road
Desert Willow in Cuba – Poisonous Tree
Sources for Poisonous Plants
The 1911 ‘A Manual of Poisonous Plants‘ is an engaging and interesting manual, one that had more significance in 1911 than it does today.
The Field Guide for Poisonous Plants and ‘creatures’ is probably a must have for conscientious parents!
Millspaugh’s American Medicinal Plants is a must for any serious gardener!
Kew Gardens Poisonous Plants from Britan’s Kew Gardens is a lovely checklist and review at a very reasonable price intended for parents and teachers.
‘International Poisonous Plants Checklist’ is very expensive usually between $150 and $200. It is not listed below.
It is not commonly known that Lantana is considered to be a poisonous plant. If you have young children consider whether you want this plant in your garden. Texas A&M notes the green berries are fatal. Yikes, I just never knew this. I have always had lantana. Lantana poisoning can be fatal affecting lungs, kidneys, heart and the nervous system. Grows in the southern U.S. And in moderate climates.
Poison Control Center Statistics actually show very few reports of poisoning from plants.
The yew, I am sad to note, has been reported as poisonous as well. This is my favorite shrub. I must admit to having eaten the leaves of the Yew as a child – and having no ill effect.
Yew Spreading and Oak Leaf Hydrangea
Japanese Yew with poisonous leaves
The Yew contains taxin(e) which are alkaloids. Ephedrine, a cyanogenic glycoside (taxiphyllin) and a volatile oil are also present. It is the the seed within the berry that is highly toxic. Cattle have been reported sick and ill from yew. Yews with seeds have the claim that the seeds are poisonous.
Taxol, an antimitotic agent used to treat cancer, blocks cancer cell growth by stopping cell division, resulting in cell death.
Taxol from the Pacific yew tree and NCI
Texas A&M Poisonous Plant List
Read Texas A&M’s list of poisonous plants. Many I knew, such as the oleander and castor bean, but there are a few new surprise additions such as azaleas and wisteria. Perhaps I did not understand how deadly the mistletoe is. I believe if you have young children it is crucial to study this list.
Mistletoe in Texas. The berries have proven fatal to children and adults.
The oleander is considered to be extremely poisonous affecting the heart, producing severe digestive upset and has caused death.
Wisteria and Azalea
Azaleas are considered poisonous. The seeds and pods of the Wisteria are poisonous.
Japanese Maples blooming early in Dallas. The blooming shrubs are azaleas pictured with a Japanese Maple (which is not poisonous to my knowledge).
I have read that the Cherry Laurel is poisonous and can act as a narcotic. Frankly, I don’t believe it. If that were so the drug culture would be exploiting Cherry Laurels. But then I have grown black poppies that had the white milky substance on their seed heads in my garden for years. Supposedly, that is a narcotic. Wouldn’t know, didn’t try it but did plant them street side for all to see so … nothing happened. Law enforcement didn’t knock down my door, passer-bys didn’t pick the narcotic poppy, so zipp there.
“Medicinal Action and Uses of Cherry Laurel —Sedative, narcotic. The leaves possess qualities similar to those of hydrocyanic acid, and the water distilled from them is used for the same purpose as that medicine. Of value in coughs, whooping-cough, asthma, and in dyspepsia and indigestion.”