Train yard behind Grassy Knoll Pergola. Train command post manager observed unusual conduct in train yard and man running from side door of depository. Train master found dead within months of this observation in single vehicle auto accident.

From the Book Depository to the Texas Theater

Lee Harvey Oswald

Last Steps

Texas Book Depository

Texas Theater in Oak Cliff scene of Lee Harvey Oswald apprehension

Texas Theater Sight of Apprehension …

The Smell of Gun Powder

Warren Commission Report – Multiple eye witnesses smelled gun powder at street level on Elm Street at the western end of the pergola area, street-side. Other witness in the motorcade, in both the third and fourth car behind the President’s vehicle reported smelling gunpowder.  This smell would be impossible, it could not have drifted the sixth floor of the Texas Book Depository behind the motorcade.

 

Howard Donahue’s theory, based upon ballistics, is that one of JFK’s Secret Service men riding in the car directly behind the President was responsible for accidentally firing the fatal shot. Sounds of three shots over a period of 5.8 seconds are recorded on the Zapruder film.  Multiple recreations have indicated it would have been impossible for Lee Harvey Oswald, or virtually any rifle man to have gotten off three shots over 5.8 seconds considering the rifle used.

One theory is that an expert rifle man got off two shots and Oswald never fired a shot.  The railroad yard man observed a man running from the side of the Book Depository shortly after the shots.  The railroad yard man sat high in an elevated tower observing the train yard, the same rail road yard man that died in a single car accident shortly after the assassination, as did many significant parties.  See the New York Times bestseller that reviews all these deaths.

The smell of gun powder is not a smoking gun though it is an important clue pointing to the fact that Lee Harvey Oswald did not act alone if he fired a gun at all. The “smell of gun powder” permeates the testimony of witnesses in the Warren Report, sheriff interviews taken the day of the assassination and in individual witness interviews.

 

Grassy knoll. Patrolman on overpass smelled gun smoke.

Grassy knoll. Patrolman on overpass smelled gun smoke.

 

Seven witnesses reported on the day of the assassination they smelled gun powder located in both the motorcade and the grass knoll area. Three shots are heard on the Zapruder film within 5.8 seconds.

Patrolman on Overpass Smells Gunpowder

Earl Brown, a Dallas Patrolman, was stationed on the overpass roughly eighty yards from the point of impact of what is considered to be the deadly shot killing President Kennedy. He testified he heard shots and he too smelled gun powder as the presidential motorcade raced to Parkland Hospital. Patrolman Brown was was thirty feet above Elm Street on the elevated train overpass as the motorcade accelerating to a high rate of speed to Parkland Hospital. His location was roughly 100 yards from the point of impact. (Earl Brown, WCR Volume VI, page 233, April 7, 1964.)

Brown stated to the Warren Commission that for him to have smelled gunpowder from his position the smell would have had to have drifted up from the motorcade below. The wind was blowing 15 mph southwest. (WCR Volume XIII, page 767.)

Earl Cabel and wife, Elizabeth, were four cars back from the Presidential Limousine. Mrs. Cabel indicated she also smelled gunpowder. (Elizabeth Cabel. WCR Volume VII, page 486.)

A voluntary statement made the same date at the Sheriff’s Department indicated one witness observed a flash of pink when someone stood up in the follow up car to President Kennedy’s car. The witness stated a man could be seen in either the President’s car or the car behind his stand up in the open top vehicle and take out what looked like a rifle. Voluntary Statement Sheriff’s Department Dallas November 23, 1963. (WCR Volume XXIV, Exhibit 2003, Page 200.)

JFK Motorcade Route Texas Book Depository

JFK Motorcade Route Texas Book Depository

A Librarian’s Recommendation for JFK Assassination Literature


Warren Commission Report





Smell of Gun Powder

Oswald exits through the front doors turns left and walks east to catch a city bus for four blocks.

Lee Harvey Oswald left the Texas Book Depository through the front door.

Overpass Smell Gun Smoke Location from Point of First Bullet Impact - JFK Assassination

Overpass near grassy knoll.  Officer smelled gun smoke.

Overpass Smell Gun Smoke Location from Point of First Bullet Impact - JFK Assassination

Overpass officer smelled gun smoke.  Man at point of first impact.

A Librarian’s Recommendation for JFK Assassination Literature


Report of Gunpowder Odor Third and Fourth Cars Back

Senator Yarborough riding with LBJ stated he smelled gunpowder seconds after the bullets fired. The senator was located three cars behind the President. As a WWII veteran with fifty years of weapon experience he believed it strange that he would smell gunpowder from the Texas Book Depository six floors up, fifteen feet below the Book Depository ground floor and a significant distance to his rear, with the wind blowing southwest. “You don’t smell gunpowder unless you’re upwind of it.” (WCR Volume VII, page 439, July 10, 1964.) It is unlikely the smell of gun powder would have drifted above all heads from the sixth floor of the Texas Book Depository before it drifted down upon the witnesses who were an additional ten feet below the elevation of the first floor of the Book Depository.

Senator Yarborough stated he saw a secret service agent in the car before him pull out a rifle. The secret service agent looked backward and to the right at the sound of a shot. See also, Chicago Sun Times, November 23, 1967. Earl Warren had Yarborough be called as a witness. He was not called to testify.

The FBI analysis of the bullet strike to the Main Street curb that wounded eyewitness James Tague indicated the curb bullet strike originated from a weapon that did not fire full metal jacketed ammunition.

Source of the Gun Powder Smell

It possible the gun powder smell could have come from either the motorcade or the grassy knoll. Factors impacting the smell are the source of the gun shot, the caliber of the weapon and the wind speed and direction. The wind was ten to fifteen miles per hour blowing in a southwesterly direction.

 

Agent George Hickey, four months on the job is pictured with an AR 15 at the Plaza as agents scramble to protect the President. Eleven witnesses noted this in the ACR. Two witnesses noted this at the time of the third shot. (See Appendix Item 221.)

George Hickey’s testimony is that he heard gun shots, pick up the AR15 and held it as the motorcade proceeded under the underpass. Other witnesses indicated he had held the rifle at the time of the third shot, at Dealey Plaza. (WCR Volume XVIII, Exhibit 1024, page 763. November 30, 1963.) One witness indicated Hickey rose up at time of first shot with the rifle and then dropped back down. George Hickey died in 2005.

Howard Donahue surmises that the force of the acceleration of the Secret Service vehicle pulled Hickey back down in the car and it was at this time the gun accidentally discharged fatally wounding the president.

Secret Service Agents admitted to drinking and partying with strippers until five am. the morning of November 22, 1963.  There is a good account of these events in Cheever’s book, Drinking in America, reviewed below.

The head of the Secret Service when questioned about the conduct responded that whether his men had a good night’s sleep or were partying until five am. would have made no difference in the outcome.

Dallas County Documents

Multiple Reports Inconsistent with Warren Commission

Oak Cliff neighborhood immediately west of downtown Dallas - Boarding house Oswald JFK Assassination

Downtown Dallas seen from Oak Cliff neighborhood

Lee Harvey Oswald took a city bus four blocks, exited and took a cab to Oak Cliff.

Lee Harvey Oswald took the city bus to the Grey Hound bus station.  There he caught a cab to the Oak Cliff neighborhood.

Secret Service Vehicle Directly Behind President

Paul Landis – Secret Service Agent

My reaction at this time was that the [fatal] shot came from somewhere towards the front. (Warren Commission Hearings, vol.18, p.759, 17 November 1963)

Kenneth O’Donnel
David Powers

Two members of the White House staff, Kenneth O’Donnell and David Powers, were travelling in the Secret Service car immediately behind President Kennedy’s car.

O’Donnell testified that the shots came from the rear (Warren Commission Hearings, vol.7, p.448).

Powers agreed, but added that “I also had a fleeting impression that the noise appeared to come from the front in the area of the triple overpass” (ibid., p.473).

 

Tip O’Neill Memoir Shots from Grassy Knoll

Tip O’Neill, claimed in his memoirs that two of the president’s assistants located in the Secret Service car directly behind the President’s car had heard shots from the grassy knoll:

I was never one of those people who had doubts or suspicions about the Warren Commission’s report on the president’s death. But five years after Jack died, I was having dinner with Kenny O’Donnell and a few other people at Jimmy’s Harborside Restaurant in Boston, and we got to talking about the assassination.

I was surprised to hear O’Donnell say that he was sure he had heard two shots that came from behind the fence.“That’s not what you told the Warren Commission,” I said.

“You’re right, ” he replied. “I told the FBI what I had heard, but they said it couldn’t have happened that way and that I must have been imagining things. So I testified the way they wanted me to.

I just didn’t want to stir up any more pain and trouble for the family.”

“I can’t believe it,” I said.

”I wouldn’t have done that in a million years. I would have told them the truth.”

“Tip, you have to understand. The family — everybody wanted this thing behind them.”

Dave Powers was with us at dinner that night, and his recollection of the shots was the same as O’Donnell’s. Kenny O’Donnell is no longer alive, but during the writing of this book I checked with Dave Powers. As they say in the news business, he stands by his story.

(Thomas P. O’Neill, Jr., Man of the House: The Life and Political Memoirs of Speaker Tip O’Neill, Random House, 1987, p.178)

Tip O’Neill Memoir

Man of the House: The Life and Political Memoirs of Speaker Tip O’Neill
 

Bonar Menninger Theory of Second Shooter

Mortal Error by Bonar Menninger, published by St. Martin’s Press in 1992, named George Hickey as the second shooter who accidentally shot and killed the president.  The contention is that rifle was in the floor board of the car and the safety was not on when Hickey picked up the rifle.  The fatal discharge was an accident.

Menninger based his premise upon reviews of ballistics expert Howard Donahue who examined the Warren Commission evidence, the Zapruder film, depositions and interviews concluding the fatal headshot was accidentally fired by special agent George Hickey, who was in the car behind Kennedy’s. Donahue finds the ballistic information not credible believing Robert Kennedy, among others, did not want this tragic accident to become known. Donahue’s findings were published in the Baltimore Sun in 1977 but engendered no follow-up studies by government officials.

George Hickey filed a slander suit shortly after the book was first published. The lawsuit was barred by the statute of limitation. Upon the issuance of the paperback version of the book the slander suit was settled. It is claimed a small amount was paid in order to settle the suit and continue with the publication of the book.

The parade route was set two days before.  Lee Harvey Oswald had been hired on October 15, only 32 days prior to November 23, 1963.   He was randomly assigned to one of two buildings owned by the Texas Book Depository.

Train yard behind Grassy Knoll Pergola. Train command post manager observed unusual conduct in train yard and man running from side door of depository. Train master found dead within months of this observation in single vehicle auto accident.

Train yard behind Grassy Knoll Pergola. Train command post manager observed unusual conduct in train yard and man running from side door of depository. Train master found dead within months of this observation in single vehicle auto accident.

Neither George Warren Hickey nor any of the former agents in the follow-up vehicle were called to testify before a Congressional committee. David Powers, personal aide to JFK, was sitting in the follow up car with Agent Hickey. Powers has never spoken of a shot fired from the Secret Service Agent’s vehicle nor was he called to testify.

/
Mortal Error: The Shot That Killed JFK by Bonar Menninger (1992-03-05)

A Librarian’s Recommendation for JFK Assassination Literature


Medical Records / Autopsy Report

Lee Harvey Oswald Exits to Oak Cliff

JFK Motorcade Route Dallas County Court House

Motorcade route passed by court house and turned right toward Texas Book Depository

Motorcade route JFK Assassination Dallas

Motorcade right turn at court house toward Texas Book Depository

A Librarian’s Recommendation for JFK Assassination Literature



Secret Service Follow Up Car

Earl Warren when questioning the agents affirmed some citizens along the route of the motorcade had seen a gun barrel pointed out of the sixth-floor window of the Texas School Book Depository. None of the Secret Service agents had noticed it.

“Some people saw a rifle up in that building …Wouldn’t a Secret Service man in this motorcade, who is supposed to observe such things, be more likely to observe something of that kind if he was free from any of the results of liquor or lack of sleep than he would otherwise? Don’t you think that they would have been more alert, sharper?”

The follow up car behind the President included four agents and two members of the President’s staff with and additional four agents alongside the vehicle. Only one agent in the follow up car gave evidence to the Warren Commission. Agents were issued 38 caliber revolvers. The prior evening it was reported that Secret Service Agents partied until five a.m. drinking with strippers. (Warren Commission Hearings, volume 5, page 459. July 1964.)

Drinking in America: Our Secret History

Cheever shares the information that Secret Service agents had been drinking in Fort Worth at a local establishment that did not OFFICIALLY serve liquor, because Fort Worth was dry.  However, unofficially liquor was available.   It was a column in The Washington Post by Drew Pearson the revealed the Secret Service agents had visited the Fort Worth Press Club after midnight.  Six continued  to Cellar Coffee House out until nearly three a.m. and “one of them was reported to have been inebriated.”

Crossfire: The Plot That Killed Kennedy

Jim Marrs’ gets to the heart of the Secret Service issue in his book, “Crossfire:  The Plot that Killed Kennedy.”  The Secret Service agents of the night before at the Cellar, a coffeehouse, tell the story that they drank mostly grapefruit juice.  Two agents referred to drinking a “Salty Dick.”

It took Pat Kirkwood, The Cellar Coffee House owner owner twenty years later tells a different story.  Pat Kirkwood had previously claimed in letters 1963, none of the Secret Service agents had been drinking at The Cellar.  Kirkwood was fatally in in 1984 and was more candid in his recounting of the night before the Kennedy assassination.

Crossfire: The Plot That Killed Kennedy includes his admission he often served liquor to the Dallas elite, politicians and professionals.  His manager, Jimmy Hill, corroborated his story of the night before.   He said after the agents were there, we got a call from the White House asking us not to say anything about them drinking because their image had suffered enough as it was. We didn’t say anything, but…they were drinking pure Everclear.” Everclear is 190 proof clear liquor.

Nine of the twenty-eight member detail went for food after one a.m. where they had beer and scotch.  There would report to duty at eight a.m. tahe next morning to protect the president.

Spy Saga: Lee Harvey Oswald and U.S. Intelligence

Six members went on the The Cellar.  CBS newsman Bob Schieffer when he was a young night police reporter for the Fort Worth Star-Telegram recounts, “I went to the club when I got off at two a.m..  The Cellar was an all-night San Francisco-style coffee house down the street and some of the visiting reporters had heard about it and wanted to see it. So we all went over there and some of the agents came along. The place didn’t have a liquor license, but they did serve liquor to friends—usually grain alcohol.”

Mrs. Kennedy and Me

Clint Hill was the United States Secret Service agent assigned to guard Jacqueline Kennedy for four years.  This charming book reveals the personable woman and their rich relationship.  In “Mrs. Kennedy and Me,” he shares candid moments

George Hickey

George Hickey had been with the Secret Service for four months. He was hired as a driver and to care for the cars checking the oil and gas. Eleven witnesses put the rifle in Hickey’s hand, seven of them are Secret Service agents. George Hickey was after these events, ordered to protect Vice-President Johnson at Parkland Hospital with this same rifle. (Appendix Exhibit 228-293.)

The AR-15 was fitted with a flash suppressor and loaded with a frangible bullet which is a thin-jacketed, hollow-nosed bullet which disintegrates when it hits something solid. This type of bullet creates an explosion of flesh and bone.

Autopsy Interference

The Secret Service prevented an autopsy at Parkland Hospital in Dallas. At the Bethesda autopsy of the President, the Secret Service took 11all autopsy records, photographs, film and FBI notes. The x-ray technician was asked to falsify an x-ray which he did.

Jerrel Custer stated during his sworn deposition that he was asked to place fragments on x-ray taken in the autopsy at Bethesda after his boss returned to the hospital from a White House meeting. In essence he was asked to fasify an x-ray by the Secret Service. Custer informed Arlen Specter of this fact but he was never called as a witness by the Warren Commission. (AARB Deposition.)

A four star general and a civilian gave directions during the Bethesda autopsy suggesting the pathology not be further pursued. The sentiment was described as the autopsy had to be performed, it did not have to be performed correctly.

Dr. Hume completed the autopsy dissatisfied with the interference.  There were continued claims of the Secret Service interfering with the autopsy work and with the photography of the autopsy.  The President’s brain and slides were stored for further analysis, never to be seen again.  The President’s brain was given to Hume’s boss, George Berkley, at a request of Robert Kennedy.

Zapruder Film




Best Books and Movies

JFK: Breaking the Silence
Agent John Norris explained in Bill Sloan’s book J.F.K.: Breaking the Silence and in an interview for Vincent Michael Palamara’s book Survivor’s Guilt: The Secret Service and the Failure to Protect President Kennedy: “Except for George Hickey and Clint Hill, [many of the others] just basically sat there with their thumbs up their butts while the president was gunned down in front of them.”

The Dark Side of Camelot

“Agents acknowledged that the Secret Service’s socializing intensified each year of the Kennedy administration, to a point where, by late 1963, a few members of the presidential detail were regularly remaining in bars until the early morning hours,” investigative journalist Seymour M. Hersh would note in his book The Dark Side of Camelot.

“Deep Politics and the Death of JFK” by Peter Dale Scott

The Reporter Who Knew Too Much: The Mysterious Death of What’s My Line TV Star and Media Icon Dorothy Kilgallen

Dorothy Mae Kilgallen was a New York reporter born in 1913, in Chicago, Illinois, the daughter of reporter for the Hearst newspaper chain. Kilgallen’s often focused on the Kennedy administration.  Her column was syndicated in over 200 newspapers.  After the assassination Kilgallen refused to accept the FBI’s and the Warren Comission’s single shooter theory.  Kilgallen atteneded and reported on Jacky Ruby’s trial. made it her business to attend his trial.

Kilgallen became a popular celebrity ans was a regular panelist on a CBS TV game show, “What’s My Line?”

Kilgallen asked obvious questions, out loud one column that questioned Hoover’s position:   “Oswald File Must Not Close.”  She believed both Oswald and Ruby were “patsies.”  She went to New Orleans interview additional sources.  She believed she had the “scoop of the century” that she would reveal in a book.  Kilgallen was found dead in her Manhattan townhouse. The Medical Examiner’s indicated death from an “accidental” drug overdose of a prescription sleeping pills mixed with alcohol.   Kilgallen had a prescription for the sleeping pills, “Seconal.” A second drug, “Tuinal,” was also found in her system.   Kilgallen’s file on the Ruby case was missing and has never been found.

The movie on Sam Giancana’s life, Momo, considers the possibility that Giancana had Marilyn Monroe murdered in a revenge frame up of Bobby Kennedy.  See the 1:15 mark.  Similar means of death exist between Dorothy Kilgallen and Marilyn Monroe.

Kilgallen had backup notes for her book and had given them to her friend, Florence Pritchett Smith.  Florence died the day after Kilgallen, and neither her notes nor Dorothy’s on her ‘break through’ the notes were never found.

Hit List reviews all the deaths of persons associated with the JFK investigation. Tippit's death plays a prominent role in the book.

Hit List reviews all the deaths of persons associated with the JFK investigation. Tippit’s death plays a prominent role in the book.

Hit List: An In-Depth Investigation into the Mysterious Deaths of Witnesses to the JFK Assassination0

Hit List reviews all the deaths of persons associated with the JFK investigation.  This NY Times Best Seller includes several other journalist’s inexplicable and sudden or violent deaths and missing journalist notes.  This is a crucial read for anyone interested in the cover up of CIA / Mob involvement in the JFK assassination.  There is a reason this book was a NY Times Best Seller.  For the most part, this book is highly credible.

Movies

Momo: The Sam Giancana Story

Interesting story told by his children and nephew.  Jack Ruby’s ties to the Chicago mafia are highlighted at the one hour mark.  He grew up in Momo’s neighborhood.  When The Chicago Mafia needed to release the man who had run their Cuban gambling operations from prison in Cuba, Jack Ruby did the job for them.  The movie also looks into the conduct of the Chicago Mafia in getting Kennedy elected through a relationship with Kennedy’s father.

The declassified CIA records reveal the hiring of the CIA to assassinate Castro.  Sam Giancana agreed to participate through their Cuba connections during the time they controlled Cuba gambling at their resorts.  FBI recorded conversations at The Fountainbleu hotel in Miami between the Mafia and the FBI.  See Momo at the 1:20 mark.  Richard Kane was a Chicago cop and an FBI informant who had worked with Giancana in Cuba planning.  In 1963 the FBI did not know Kane as their informant was reporting to Giancana.  Richard Kane was alleged to have fired the shot from the grassy knoll.  He planned to have Officer Tippit shoot Lee Harvey Oswald.

Carlos Marcello reportedly enlisted Oswald because of his ties to Cuba to blame Castro.  Oswald had worked with Jack Ruby in the Kennedy gun running.  J.D. Tippitt and Oscar White were two Dallas police officers retained to shoot Oswald by Richard Kane.  If you watch Oliver Stone’s JFK next (which is currently at Hulu) you will hear more about Guy Bannister, the FBI, the CIA and Bannister’s connections to the Chicago Mafia together with the gun runners through out east Texas and ties to a planned Cuban invasion, thwarted by JFK.


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Mugshots: John F. Kennedy – Did Oswald Act Alone?

 PBS Nova Cold Case:  JFK – PBS Cold Case

Ballistic experts examine logistics of the rifle used by Lee Harvey Oswald, the bullet trajectory and the potential for a single shooter / single bullet.  This program can be viewed at NetFlix.
 

New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison’s Grand Jury Records

If you want to understand the connections between Oswald, the Chicago Mafia and New Orleans participants and mob representatives this is a great place to begin, though lengthy.  Much of the movie, JFK, references these events but without a background and understanding of these relationships their significance can be missed.

The Orleans Parish Grand Jury transcripts consist of testimony taken during 1967, 1968, and early 1969, as part of the Garrison investigation into the murder of President John F. Kennedy. These transcripts were ordered destroyed in the early 1970s by Garrison’s successor as District Attorney, Harry Connick.

But the man who was supposed to destroy them, Gary Raymond, instead hid them in a garage for over two decades. Then in 1995, Raymond arranged for journalist Richard Angelico to pass these grand jury transcripts on to the Assassination Records Review Board. Connick, still the DA, convicted both men of contempt of court, and demanded that the ARRB return the transcripts.

The ARRB, meanwhile, was still seeking records (5 drawers of files) of Garrison investigation files held by Connick. The ARRB won its battle with Connick, and both the grand jury transcripts presented here and the investigation files are now part of the JFK Collection at the National Archives. The AARC is also in possession of a good deal of this material.

 Oliver Stone’s movie:  JFK

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JFK

On Hulu at this time

Excellent.  Most people have seen this Oliver Stone movie with Sissy Spacek and Kevin Costner.  At the time released it was considered extreme.  Jack Valenti announced it to be a “hoax”, a “smear”, a work of “pure fiction.”  He claimed it rivaled the Nazi propaganda films of Leni Reifenstahl.  In the seven-page statement, Mr. Valenti said Mr. Stone’s film was “a monstrous charade” based on “the hallucinatory bleatings of an author named Jim Garrison, a discredited former district attorney in New Orleans.” His protestations gave credence to the film rather than his hoped for discreditation.

Assassination Archives and Research Center:  Grand Jury Records New Orleans Garrison Investigation
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Resource Library





Request for Falsifications

JFK Assassination / Lee Harvey Oswald / Dallas location

Overpass just west of “Grassy Knoll” where officer smelled gun smoke

JFK Assassination / Lee Harvey Oswald / Dallas location

View of Grass Knoll, point of impact and Texas Book Depository.

A Librarian’s Recommendation for JFK Assassination Literature


Autopsy Report

The autopsy noted a bullet penetrated lower region of neck. 6.5 with a full jacket wound. This neck wound was determined to be different type of wound from the headshot. The bullet that penetrated the President’s head exploded within the brain. One of these bullets was found on the Governor’s trolley at Parkland. The deposition of Albert Reibe, a photographer at the autopsy, indicated he was asked to take the film out of his camera he used to film the autopsy and give it to a Secret Service agent. (ARRB Page 50, 1997.)
The Secret Service took all the film including an unused 35mm film role in his pocket. FBI records show 22 color rolls and film were handed to Roy Kellerman. While the Secret Service made promises to forward the film to the FBI this was never done. The Secret Service took possession of all FBI notes promising the notes would be made available to the FBI, this was never done either. Officer Seibert and O’Neal from the FBI recorded the confiscated notes during the autopsy but were never called by the Warren Commission.





Multiple Shooters

JFK Assassination Grassy Knoll

Took cab four blocks past the boarding house.  Exited and walked back.  This was a corner of property owned by the Dallas Independent School District.

Lee Harvey Oswald escape to Oak Cliff route: Adams High School

Lee Harvey Oswald walked by Adams High School where he spoke with … after he left the boarding house.

Parkland Medical Personnel Testimony at Odds with this Theory

Parkland medical personnel testimony is at odds with this theory. This testimony indicates that the massive exit wound in President Kennedy’s head was in the right, rear, parieto-occipital area of the skull and that the entrance wound was in the front. The “throat wound” actually was a throat wound fromthe front and not a “rear neck wound” slightly to the right of the T3 to T4 vertebral level. These wounds indicate sniper teams, both in front and rear.

Oswald fired a 31/98 6.5 millimeter Mannlicher-Carsano bolt action rifle firing three shots in 5.6 seconds, the third shot causing the fatal head wound. There were three ejected shells in the Texas Book Depository, but one lay separately from the rest, meaning Oswald also would have had to change position during that same timeframe.

Parkland Surgeon Believes at Least Two Shooters Participated in Assassination

Dr. Robert N. McClelland was an assistant professor of surgery at Parkland Hospital on November 22, 1963. He assisted in a tracheotomy in the unsuccessful attempt to save the president’s life. McClelland believes that the hole in the back of Kennedy’s head was an exit wound, not an entrance wound as the Warren Commission asserted, and that there were at least two shooters in Dealey Plaza.

The Zapruder film shows Kennedy’s head exploding with a portion of his skull falling to the right while blood and tissue spreads out to the left. Oswald’s shells were full metal jacket which do not explode on contact. The bullet removed from Conally’s leg showed little to no damage.

A two-second film taken by Charles Bronson from Main Street shows the Secret Service follow-up car just before the head shot, and enhanced frames show that no one in the car is standing. The source of these wounds would also be consistent with a sniper team on the ‘grassy knoll’ area. This film can be seen on YouTube.

Mr. Bronson was holding his Leica camera, ready to take another still, when the first shot was fired and he snapped a photograph. As the shooting continued, Bronson raised his home movie camera capturing two seconds of the headshot to President Kennedy and the Secret Service follow-up car tailgating JFK’s parade car when it was fired. The film also gives a good indication of the crowd in the area during the passing of the motorcade. See: JFK Assassination – Bronson Film. YouTube.

National Archives / Warren Report





Motorcade

Grassy Knoll with rail road yard behind it. Officer on over pass smelled gun smoke.

Grassy Knoll with railroad yard behind it.

Autopsy Report

The autopsy noted a bullet penetrated lower region of neck. 6.5 with a full jacket wound. This neck wound was determined to be different type of wound from the headshot. The bullet that penetrated the President’s head exploded within the brain. One of these bullets was found on the Governor’s trolley at Parkland. The deposition of Albert Reibe, a photographer at the autopsy, indicated he was asked to take the film out of his camera he used to film the autopsy and give it to a Secret Service agent. (ARRB Page 50, 1997.)

The Secret Service took all the film including an unused 35mm film role in his pocket. FBI records show 22 color rolls and film were handed to Roy Kellerman. While the Secret Service made promises to forward the film to the FBI this was never done. The Secret Service took possession of all FBI notes promising the notes would be made available to the FBI, this was never done either. Officer Seibert and O’Neal from the FBI recorded the confiscated notes during the autopsy but were never called by the Warren Commission.

Assassination Review Board Declassifies Some Information

The JFK Records Act of 1992, mandated that all assassination related material be housed in a single collection in the National Archives and Records Administration. All records from all agencies involved in the investigation of the assassination of President Kennedy were subpoenaed. The Secret Service claims to have destroyed all their records one week earlier.

A Librarian’s Recommendation for JFK Assassination Literature



National Archives / Warren Report





Oak Cliff Trail

Lee Harvey Oswald Boarding House in Oak Cliff west of downtown Dallas

Lee Harvey Oswald boarding house.

Lee Harvey Oswald Boarding House in Oak Cliff west of downtown DallasLee Harvey Oswald takes cab past boarding house and gets out to walk east toward the boarding house.

Lee Harvey Oswald exited at Beckley and Neely.

Parkland Medical Personnel Testimony at Odds with this Theory

Parkland medical personnel testimony is at odds with this theory. This testimony indicates that the massive exit wound in President Kennedy’s head was in the right, rear, parieto-occipital area of the skull and that the entrance wound was in the front. The “throat wound” actually was a throat wound from the front and not a “rear neck wound” slightly to the right of the T3 to T4 vertebral level. These wounds indicate sniper teams, both in front and rear.

Oswald fired a 31/98 6.5 millimeter Mannlicher-Carsano bolt action rifle firing three shots in 5.6 seconds, the third shot causing the fatal head wound. There were three ejected shells in the Texas Book Depository, but one lay separately from the rest, meaning Oswald also would have had to change position during that same time frame.

The assassicnation scene still draws citizens. The fact that the Warren Commission excluded crucial facts to arrive at a one shooter theory, the Congress adopted that flawed opinion, the FBI lied, the CIA worked with the mob, the Secret Service destroyed documents and evidence draws citizens to come to their own conclusions.

The assassicnation scene still draws citizens. The fact that the Warren Commission excluded crucial facts to arrive at a one shooter theory, the Congress adopted that flawed opinion, the FBI lied, the CIA worked with the mob, the Secret Service destroyed documents and evidence draws citizens to come to their own conclusions.

Parkland Surgeon Believes at Least Two Shooters Participated in Assassination

Dr. Robert N. McClelland was an assistant professor of surgery at Parkland Hospital on November 22, 1963. He assisted in a tracheotomy in the unsuccessful attempt to save the president’s life. McClelland believes that the hole in the back of Kennedy’s head was an exit wound, not an entrance wound as the Warren Commission asserted, and that there were at least two shooters in Dealey Plaza.

The Zapruder film shows Kennedy’s head exploding with a portion of his skull falling to the right while blood and tissue spreads out to the left. Oswald’s shells were full metal jacket which do not explode on contact. The bullet removed from Conally’s leg showed little to no damage.

A two-second film taken by Charles Bronson from Main Street shows the Secret Service follow-up car just before the head shot, and enhanced frames show that no one in the car is standing. The source of these wounds would also be consistent with a sniper team on the ‘grassy knoll’ area. This film can be seen on YouTube.

Mr. Bronson was holding his Leica camera, ready to take another still, when the first shot was fired and he snapped a photograph. As the shooting continued, Bronson raised his home movie camera capturing two seconds of the headshot to President Kennedy and the Secret Service follow-up car tailgating JFK’s parade car when it was fired. The film also gives a good indication of the crowd in the area during the passing of the motorcade.

See: JFK Assassination – Bronson Film. YouTube.

A Librarian’s Recommendation for JFK Assassination Literature


Maps and Resources




Man with a Plan or Man Alone?

The Motorcade Route Announced Two Days Prior

The motorcade route was not announced until two days prior or November 21, 2014. The unanswered question is how would Oswald have known the route would pass by his place of employment when he applied for and received the job at the Texas Book Depository two months earlier.

Motorcade route JFK Assassination Dallas

Motorcade route JFK Assassination Dallas

JFK Dallas Motorcade Route

JFK Dallas Motorcade Route

The number of shots fired at 12:30 p.m. is in dispute but three are heard on the Zapruder film.

Oswald Escape Route Texas Book Depository JFK Assassination

Oswald Escape Route Texas Book Depository JFK Assassination

Oswald Exits through Front Doors

After the shots Lee Harvey Oswald moved from the sixth floor to the second floor where he bought a Coca Cola from a vending machine. He then exited the building through the front doors. He chose to walk due east down Elm Street roughly seven blocks to ultimately arrive at the Greyhound Bus Station.

Oswald could have retraced the route of the motorcade for a more direct route to the Greyhound station. It is possible he felt the parade route continued to contain too many observers. The shortest route would have been one block alongside the Criminal Courts Building turn left past the Old Red Court House and Dallas County Records Building. The route he chose instead, to catch a bus for a few blocks exiting in four blocks makes it appear that Oswald was panicking from one random location to the next.

The most direct route to the Greyhound Bus Station was south down Houston Street, alongside the Criminal Courts Building, turn at the Old Red Court house, pass the Records building travel for two more blocks and then a right to the Greyhound Bus Terminal. This had been the path of the motorcade. Possibly Oswald wanted to avoid the crowd as much as possible, or possibly he was randomly moving from point to point.

 

Lee Harvey Oswald exited through the front doors and turned left.

Lee Harvey Oswald exited through the front doors and turned left.

Lee Harvey Oswald Takes a Taxi from the Bus Station to Oak Cliff

From the sixth floor corner window of the Texas Book Depository, Lee Harvey Oswald made it down to the second floor lunch room where Officer Baker sees him buying a Coke from a machine two minutes after the gunshots. It is likely Oswald would have passed two women also on the stair case, though they do not remember seeing him. It has been theorized that Oswald did not fire the rifle. He was the ‘patsy’ who took the rifle in to the Book Depository to be fired by a professional assassin.

Oswald was a temporary employee of the Texas Book Depository, hired five weeks early on October 15, 1963. The company owned two buildings and Oswald was randomly assigned to the Elm Street facility.

It is difficult to understand Oswald’s trek if you believe this was a man with a plan. He could have just as easily been assigned to the other company owned building his supervisor reported to the FBI.

There was no one waiting to aid Oswald in his ‘get away.’ He finds himself at the Greyhound Bus Station, gateway to the world, and takes a cab west returning to the east side Oak Cliff, just across the Trinity River.

National Archives





Time Line to Bus

Oswald Time Line To Bus 

Lee Harvey Oswald: 81 Minutes to Capture

Lee Harvey Oswald: 81 Minutes to Capture

12:30 P.M. – Shots Fired – Texas Book Depository
Before Dallas police sealed off the Texas Book Depository from which the shots were fired at 12:30 p.m. Oswald left the building by the front door and walked three quarters of a mile to the bus station to catch a bus to Oak Cliff, a west Dallas neighborhood.

Lee Harvey Oswald exited the front door of the Texas Book Depository turned left, walked four blocks down Elm Street and caught a city bus for four blocks.

Lee Harvey Oswald exited the front door of the Texas Book Depository turned left, walked four blocks down Elm Street and caught a city bus for four blocks.

He chose to travel east on Elm Street catching a City Bus four blocks south to the Greyhound Bus Station where he exited the bus.

He then took a taxi to the approximately two miles to the Oak Cliff section of Dallas located across the Trinity River from downtown Dallas. Here Oswald lived in a boarding house apart from his wife Marina and their child. On November 22, 1963, he was one of 17 boarders in the house.

12:40 P.M. – Seven Blocks Away Oswald Boards a City Bus

Only ten minutes from the time of the shots Oswald walked to Elm and Griffith and boarded a city bus driven by Cecil J. McWatters at 12:40 p.m. A former landlady of Oswald, Mary Bledsoe, was also on the city bus and observed, “He looks like a maniac.”

Lee Harvey Oswald took a bus to Oak Cliff

Lee Harvey Oswald took a city bus to the Grey Hound station.  Rather than leave Dallas on a bus he took a cab to Oak Cliff from the Grey Hound bus station.

Cab Ride and Drop Off

12:47 P.M. Oswald Hails Taxi at Greyhound Bus Station Four Blocks Away

He exited the city bus at the Greyhound bus station. Here he hailed a taxi driven by William Wayne Whaley, thirteen minutes after the shots.  At 12:47 p.m. Oswald requested to be driven to the five hundred block of North Beckley.

Lee Harvey Oswald escape to Oak Cliff route

Lee Harvey Oswald escape to Oak Cliff route: Beckely and Neeley exit from cab

1:03 Oswald Exits at Beckley and Neeley to Rooming House Five Blocks Away

The cab driver passed the boarding house on Beckley to drop Oswald at Beckley and Neeley, a ten-minute walk west of his boarding house. This would have given Oswald the opportunity to evaluate whether law enforcement were at the boarding house as they passed and allow him to appear as though he were walking from a direction opposite of downtown Texas.

Beckley and Neeley: The corner of Beckley and Neeley is 1/3rd of a mile (4 blocks) due west of the Boarding House at the corner of property owned by the Dallas Independent School District.

 

Lee Harvey Oswald escape to Oak Cliff route

Lee Harvey Oswald escape to Oak Cliff route

Boarding House

Once at the boarding house he walked in to his room, put on a white windbreaker jacket, placed a gun in his pant’s waist and left the boarding house at 1:03 p.m. The boarding house is located in the eastern section of Oak Cliff, not far from downtown Dallas which can be seen on the horizon.

Boarding House Lee Harvey Oswald West of Dallas

Officer Tippit Murder

Patton Street Murder: Oswald then traveled 8/10ths of a mile (9 blocks) to 10th and Patton Street, another property of Dallas Independent School District where he shot Dallas Patrol Officer Tippit.

Commercial Area Oak Cliff: Oswald walked one block from the scene of the shooting to Jefferson Boulevard, turning right travelling on foot six blocks to the shopping district which included the Texas Theater in the local shopping area of Jefferson Street in Oak Cliff.  The distance from the scene shooting to the theater is the 6/10th of a mile (7 blocks).

Lee Harvey Oswald escape to Oak Cliff route Officer Tippit shot

Lee Harvey Oswald escape to Oak Cliff route Officer Tippit shot

1:08 to 1:14 Officer Tippit Shot at Tenth and Patton in Oak Cliff

From the rooming house on 1026 North Beckley Avenue, Oswald proceeded about a mile to W.H. Adamson High School. Police Officer Tippit had parked his car at the back side of the high school, out of his assigned district. At the corner of 10th Street and Patton Avenue Officer Tippit hailed Oswald who spoke to the patrolman through the passenger side window.  When asked his location by the dispatcher Tippit misrepresented the area in which he was located.

Tippit exited his patrol car, walking in front of it to speak further to Oswald.  At this time Tippit was shot three times in the chest with Oswald’s .29 caliber revolver at approximately 1:14 p.m. Officer Tippit fell to the ground, Oswald stood over him and shot him a fourth time in the head. At least a dozen people saw the interchange followed by the shooting.  They were able to identify Oswald in a lineup. In 2012 a Memorial to J.D. Tippit was dedicated to the Officer at 10th and Patton in Oak Cliff.

Lee Harvey Oswald escape to Oak Cliff route Officer Tippit shot

 

 

Tippit’s death plays a prominent role in the book.

Hit List reviews all the deaths of persons associated with the JFK investigation. Tippit's death plays a prominent role in the book.

Hit List reviews all the deaths of persons associated with the JFK investigation. Tippit’s death plays a prominent role in the book.

 

Hit List: An In-Depth Investigation into the Mysterious Deaths of Witnesses to the JFK Assassination0
J.D. Tippit was out of his patrol area at the time Oswald returned to Oak Cliff.  Tippit lied to his dispatcher about his location.  He parked at the end of the viaduct watching cars entering Oak Cliff.  Tippit was known to be friends with both Jack Ruby and Lee Harvey Oswald.  The three were seen having breakfast together on multiple occasions.  Oswald’s rooming house land lady said that while Oswald was there a police car stopped in front of the rooming house honked twice and drove away.  Tippit’s police cruiser was the ONLY police cruiser in the area at the time.  Oswald immediately left the rooming house after the horn honks.   While the book, Hit List, may go too far in including deaths directly associated with the JFK cover up, clearly it is right on many of the stated deaths in theories.

Momo: The Sam Giancana Story

If you like movies the Momo movie, story of Sam Giancana looks into Office Tippit’s relationship with Jack Ruby.  Information has since come to light that the FBI agent watching Sam Giancana actually reported to Giancana.  This makes the FBI records more important and explains why the FBI has 21 reviewers looking to protect the records due to become public this summer.  You might want to review the movie at the 1:15 mark if you focus is only the Kennedy assassination.

Texas Theater Apprehension

1:51 Oswald Apprehended at Texas Theater in Oak Cliff

From the scene of the shooting Oswald proceeded to Jefferson Boulevard having discarded his coat. As police cars buzzed by he ducked into store fronts. Johnny Calvin Brewer, a shoe store manager on Jefferson Avenue, observed Oswald behaving strangely in his store. He phoned the police as Oswald moved on to the Texas Theater next door entering without purchasing a ticket when the ticket agent was distracted. It was the shoe store employee, Brewer, who hailed police officer Nick McDonald who first entered the theater in pursuit of Oswald.

The film was paused, the lights were brightened and 45 minutes after shooting Officer Tippit Lee Oswald was pointed out by the theater manager. A fight ensued with one of the arresting officers and Oswald received a black eye.

Mrs. Julia Postal, selling tickets at the box office of the Texas Theatre, heard police sirens and then saw a man as he ‘ducked into’ the outer lobby space of the theater near the ticket office. Attracted by the sound of the sirens, Mrs. Postal stepped out of the box office and walked to the curb.

Texas Theater Ticket Booth

Johnny Brewer walked to the theater and asked Ms. Postal if the man in the white jacket had purchased a ticket. She asked Brewer to go into the theater to find him. Based on his suspicious activity they phoned the police. Oswald was sitting alone in the rear of the main floor of the theatre near the right center aisle.

After searching two other theater patrons, Patrolman M.N. McDonald reached Oswald and told him to get on his feet. Oswald rose from his seat, raising his hands. McDonald started to search Oswald, at that time Oswald struck McDonald between the eyes with his left fist; with his right hand he drew a gun from his waist. McDonald struck Oswald with his right hand while grabbing Oswald’s gun with his left hand. They both fell into the theater seats.
Three other officers arrived an entered the theater. Quickly they grabbed Oswald from the front, rear and side. McDonald wrenched the gun away from Oswald. Detective Bob K. Carroll, who was standing beside McDonald, seized the gun from him. Oswald was handcuffed and led from the theatre claiming police brutality.

At 1:51 p.m. police car number two reported by radio that it was headed in with the suspect in the murder of Officer Tippit.


Texas Gardening Overview




Escape Time Line

Officer J.D. Tippit

J.D. Tippit’s final message over the police radio occurred at 12:54 p.m. He informed the dispatcher that he was at “Lancaster and 8th” in Oak Cliff, just a few blocks from where he would be killed (Warren Commission Hearings, vol.23, pp.849–50).

The dispatcher called Tippit again at 1:03, but there was no reply (ibid., p.853).

Domingo Benavides, the closest eye–witness: watched the gunman walk away from the scene, waited “a few minutes” for his own safety, inspected Tippit, and tried unsuccessfully to use the car radio (Warren Commission Hearings, vol.6, p.448).

A more detailed transcript claims that these calls were made not by Tippit but by two other officers (Warren Commission Hearings, vol.23, p.855).

According to one version of the police radio log, Tippit sent two garbled messages at 1:07 and 1:08 (Warren Commission Hearings, vol.17, p.406 [Commission Exhibit 705], which identifies Tippit by the number of his patrol district: 78).

Route of Oswald to Texas Theater

How was it possible for Oswald to walk eight blocks and shoot  Officer Tippit in from what can be estimated to be five to seven minutes?

Departs Boarding House at 1:03 – Tippit Shot before 1:10 pm.

Tippit’s murder was reported to the police by a witness who used the radio in Tippit’s car. The two witnesses who were involved in making the call stated that they did so several minutes after the shooting. According to the Dallas police radio log, the call was made between 1:15 and 1:16pm (Warren Commission Hearings, vol.23, p.857 [Commission Exhibit 1974]).

In an affidavit, T.F. Bowley described the sequence of his actions: he drove up to the scene, and noticed Tippit’s body laying in the road; he parked his car; “I looked at my watch and it said 1:10pm”; he tried to assist Tippit; and finally he took over the car radio from Benavides. (Warren Commission Hearings, vol.24, p.202).

Cab to Oak Cliff

Oswald takes a cab 2.1 miles to Oak Cliff. The cab passes his rooming house on Beckley and drops him at the corner of Beckley and Neely, property owned by the Dallas Independent School District.

He walks back the five blocks to the rooming house where he puts on a white windbreaker and takes a gun.

Boarding House Lee Harvey Oswald West of Dallas

A car horn is heard before he leaves. He walks to the corner of 10th and Patton. Here Officer Patton rolls down the passenger side window to speak with Oswald.

The patrolman exits the vehicle and is shot three times in the chest. Oswald stands over the officer and shoots him a fourth time in the head. There are multiple witnesses to this event.

Oswald proceeds from the high school campus through a few residential blocks to a shopping center area.

Lee Harvey Oswald escape to Oak Cliff route

Lee Harvey Oswald escape to Oak Cliff route

He behaves erratically in a shoe store.   He then enters the Texas Theater without purchasing a ticket. The shoe store salesman alerts to the ticket seller and law enforcement is contacted.

Shopping area Oak Cliff contained theater. Oswald would have walked down this street.

Oswald is apprehended at 1:51 p.m. at the Texas Theater.

Recently Released Information

New Information

The Warren Commission

President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed members of the Warren Commission to investigate the Kennedy setting a limit of 75 years for the public release of its investigatory documents and findings, the year 2039.   The House Select Committee on Assassinations accepted the conspiracy thesis sealing those documents until 2029.  These restrictions were modified in 1992 with JFK Assassination Records Collection Act, requiring the release of the contents in 24 years.

The National Archives ordered by law in 1992 to collect all JFK assassination papers. CIA destroyed their papers the week before the law became effective.

The National Archives ordered by law in 1992 to collect all JFK assassination papers. Secret Service destroyed their papers the week before the law became effective.

Assassination Review Board Declassifies Some Information

In order to evade the mandate of The JFK Records Act of 1992 that also required all assassination related material be housed in a single collection in the National Archives and Records Administration.  The Secret Service destroyed all their records one week prior to the effective date of the law.

Kennedy Assassination Records Collection Act of 1992

Congress created the Kennedy Collection when it passed the Kennedy Assassination Records Collection Act of 1992. This statute directed all Federal agencies to transmit to the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) all records relating to the assassination in their custody. The Kennedy Act also created a temporary agency, the Assassination Records Review Board (ARRB), to ensure that the agencies complied with the Act.

In addition to records already open at NARA prior to the passing the Kennedy Act, the Collection now consists of previously withheld records of the Warren Commission, records of the Office of the Archivist, and newly released materials from the Kennedy, Johnson, and Ford Presidential Libraries. Other agency records in the Collection include records of the House Select Committee on Assassinations, records of the Central Intelligence Agency, the Federal Bureau of Investigation and a small amount of material from a variety of other agencies, including the Office of Naval Intelligence. The Collection now includes over five million pages of records.

New Release of Information Summer 2017

The United States archives contain 3,600 sealed assassination related files from the CIA and FBI.  A 1992 law authorizes their release.  The documents support the limited review by the Warren Commission.  The public’s sense of betrayal by the independent panel led by Chief Justice Earl Warren the assassination continues today.  The conclusion of The Commission that there was no evidence of a conspiracy in Kennedy’s death is almost universally disputed.

Both the CIA and FBI had extensive information about Oswald’s danger and much of it was not shared with the Commission in an attempt to protect the CIA and FBI’s negligence.

The CIA and FBI are both reviewing the documents scheduled for release to block the release of information.  Given that the FBI was Hoover’s blackmail playground and the recent events of the FBI and the presidential election it is likely they may try to protect themselves yet again.  Neither the FBI of the CIA has made a statement about blocking release of information that will paint them yet again in a bad light.  The FBI has assigned 21 researchers to the document review.

See National Archive Frequently Asked Questions here:  https://www.archives.gov/research/jfk/faqs.html#warren

June Cobb CIA Operative

June Cobb is considered to be a modern day Mata Hari who infiltrated Castro’s Cuba with a position on his staff for the CIA and then moved on to Mexico where she crossed paths with Lee Harvey Oswarld just weeks before the assassination in Dallas.  June was from Ponca City, Oklahoma, born in 1927.

The National Archives indicates that it is about to release a 221 page CIA file pertaining to Ms. Cobb.  The CIA has admitted that it did not advise the Warren Commission that that CIA had been engaged in repeated attempts to assassinate Castro.  Castro knew about the plots.  CIA operatives located in Mexico City were in charge of the plots for Castro assassination.  Oswald visited Mexico City in 1963 and in the late 1970s,.

The CIA denied their cooperation with House Select Committee on Assassinations in locating June Cobb who had disappeared during that time.

Read more here … http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2017/05/20/what-could-a-mysterious-us-spy-know-about-the-jfk-assassination-215143

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